The physics of turbulence over Antarctic leads and polynyas and its parameterization: a joint study using observations, LES, and a micro-/mesoscale model


Dr. Christof Lüpkes 
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung
Arbeitsbereich Meteorologie der Polargebiete

Professor Dr. Siegfried Raasch 
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover 
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimatologie


In regions with large sea ice concentrations there are always open water areas called leads or polynyas depending on their shape. The length of leads varies between a few kilometres and tens of kilometres and their width ranges from several meters to kilometres. The strong sensible and latent heat fluxes above such areas can trigger convection which significantly modifies the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). For this reason leads are supposed to have a large influence on the energy exchange between the polar ocean and the atmosphere. The goals of this project are to get a better understanding of the still not well understood effects of leads and polynyas on the boundary layer turbulence and to clarify their importance for the energy budget and structure of the ABL. LES results and new helicopter based observations of turbulence over leads will be used to (further) develop parameterizations of the lead effect which can be used in models with different grid sizes ranging from microscale non eddy resolving models to weather forecast and regional climate models. The investigations will be based on previous collaboration between the Pi s at IMUK and AWI, where a simplified version of the LES model was used and a microscale non eddy resolving model was developed for simple lead shapes.


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Förderung von 2006 bis 2010